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Policy 2.2: Properly designed arterial intersections containing both right and left turn bays on the existing and future street system shall be encouraged.
Policy 2.3: Sufficient right-of-way along new roadways and at major intersections shall be reserved to allow for future facility expansion.
Policy 2.4: Street patterns should be designed so as to protect the integrity of the neighborhood, accentuate focal points and interesting vistas, while allowing for smooth traffic flow within the neighborhood and onto arterials with a minimum of congestion at access points.
Policy 2.5: A program of improvements and maintenance to maximize the use of existing roadways shall be utilized as a cost effective and environmentally sound means of meeting area transportation needs.
Policy 2.6: Pedestrian, bikeway and other similar facilities shall be encouraged as energy efficient and environmentally sound transportation alternatives.
Policy 2.7: Continued improvement and appropriate expansion of area air facilities shall be encouraged and supported. Development in and around the air facilities shall be carefully planned to minimize potential land use conflicts or hazardous conditions. In particular, development within the adjacent landing and take-off flight approaches should be limited to uses that are not or only minimally impacted by noise and other hazards.
Policy 2.8: Driveway cuts and street access points along arterial and collector streets or roads should be limited to allow these streets or roads to primarily serve as safe traffic movement corridors.
Policy 2.9: Private roads serving multiple uses shall be discouraged in new developments, except where public performance standards can be met.
Policy 2.10: Residential neighborhood street design patterns are encouraged to promote inter-connectivity and minimize cul-de-sacs, accommodate sidewalks and on-street parking, and foster safe environments for pedestrians and cyclists.
3. Water and Sewer Service:
Policy 3.1: Water and sewer services should be concentrated within the limits of a geographically defined Urban Growth Area. The Primary Urban Growth Area should receive first priority for the provision or enhancement of water and sewer services.
Policy 3.2: Water and sewer services shall not be extended to properties in the Rural Growth Area (outside the Urban Growth Area). Exceptions to this policy may include the provision of services to Community Growth Areas, cooperative agreements on major economic development initiatives, and extensions to address imminent public health problems or related environmental hazards.
Policy 3.3: Major extensions of water and/or sewer services that could result in scattered, non-directed development and costly provision of other urban services shall be discouraged. Extension of water lines by the City or County beyond the Urban Growth Area boundaries shall be within planned service areas and not include sewer line extensions except in accord with Policy 3.2.
Policy 3.4: The City and County shall employ incentives to encourage a concentration of urban type development within the Urban Growth Area and discourage scattered urban type development elsewhere.
Policy 3.5: The City and County shall consider the highest level of participation in the cost of providing water and sewer services within the Primary Urban Growth Area with the next highest level of participation considered for the Secondary Urban Growth Area.
4. Industrial Development:
Policy 4.1: Industrial development shall be located on land which is physically suitable and has unique locational advantages for industry, preferably in existing and/or planned industrial parks. Advanced planning for the identification of such land shall be encouraged.
Policy 4.2: The City and County shall encourage a public service and regulatory environment conducive to industrial development, tempered by environmental quality considerations and the availability of public financial resources.
Policy 4.3: Heavy industrial uses shall be separated from non-industrial areas by natural and man-made features such as green belts, major transportation facilities, transitional land uses, and/or other suitable means.
Policy 4.4: Industrial development should not be located in areas which would diminish the desirability of existing and planned non-industrial uses, nor shall non-industrial uses be allowed to encroach upon existing or planned industrial sites.
Policy 4.5: Light industrial uses may be located in or near existing built-up areas to take advantage of available services and to minimize home to work distances. Careful design and/or buffering shall be required to ensure compatibility with surrounding areas.
Policy 4.6: Warehousing, storage and distribution facilities shall have access to thoroughfares, and shall be visually buffered according to their location and surrounding uses.
5. Commercial and Office Development:
Policy 5.1: Commercial and office development is encouraged to locate in planned
commercial (shopping) centers and office parks.
Policy 5.2: Regional or major commercial centers should be located adjacent to freeways, major thoroughfares and/or mass transit routes and should contain or be near existing or planned concentrations of employment and housing.
Policy 5.3: Community or neighborhood commercial centers should be located adjacent to arterial highways and/or mass transit routes and contain or be near other appropriate community facilities with compatible accessibility for nearby existing or planned concentrations of housing.
Policy 5.4: Generally, commercial development should not encroach into residential areas.
Policy 5.5: Isolated commercial, office or highway-oriented business development along through streets should be avoided with preference for consolidated development patterns that promote contiguous development clusters and contain mutually compatible land uses and designs with minimal access points and signage.
Policy 5.6: Commercial uses shall be encouraged to develop by consolidation and expansion of existing commercially zoned property, only when such consolidation and expansion of development does not encroach upon a viable residential area.
Policy 5.7: Office and institutional development shall be encouraged to locate as a transitional land use between residential areas and activities of higher intensity, where such development is compatible with and well-fitted to adjacent residential areas in scale, intensity, design and buffer or distance separation considerations.
Policy 5.8: Effective buffering and/or landscaping shall be provided where commercial or office development adjoins existing or planned residential uses. Compatibility in building scale, intensity of use, distance separation and design is also encouraged to minimize encroachment into or adverse impact problems for residential areas.
Policy 5.9: Development should take into consideration its impacts, such as traffic, intensity of use and other incompatible characteristics, on adjacent land uses, in particular schools and other sensitive land uses. Minimization of such impacts should be sought through appropriate site design and configuration, land use, street design, distance separation, buffering and/or building scale and intensity.
6. Housing and Residential Development:
Policy 6.1: The protection and rehabilitation of viable neighborhoods shall be encouraged to insure their continued existence as a major housing source and as a reflection of the area's image as an attractive, highly livable community.
Policy 6.2: Residential neighborhoods which have become infused or closely surrounded by non-residential uses may undergo an orderly and controlled conversion from residential use to higher density residential use or other compatible alternative land uses.
Policy 6.3: Efforts to reduce through traffic in existing neighborhoods and prevent through traffic in new residential areas shall be encouraged.
Policy 6.4: Proposed residential development that would expose residents to the harmful effects of incompatible development or to environmental hazards shall be prohibited.
Policy 6.5: The continued viability of single-family homes as a major housing source shall be encouraged.
Policy 6.6: Innovative and flexible land planning and development practices shall be encouraged to create livable developments which better safeguard land, water, energy and historic resources.
Policy 6.7: Factors in determining preferred locations for high density residential development shall include: close proximity to employment and shopping centers, access to major thoroughfares and transit systems, the availability of public services and facilities, and compatibility with adjacent areas and land uses. Impacts on adjacent land uses, such as traffic and other incompatible characteristics, should be addressed through appropriate site design and configuration, land use, street design, distance separation, buffering and/or building scale and intensity.
Policy 6.8: The affordable housing needs of elderly and low to moderate income residents shall be particularly recognized in City and County policies and actions regarding residential development.
Policy 6.9: The housing unit density for proposed residential development should be similar to the overall density of adjoining residential areas.
7. Growth Area Development:
Policy 7.1: Properly planned urban-type development, including developments with mixed zoning districts, that promotes efficient provision of public services and meets appropriate City standards, including provision of City water and sewer, is encouraged within the Urban Growth Area. (The Primary Urban Growth Area and Secondary Urban Growth Area as depicted on the Growth Strategy Map define the City of Wilson Urban Growth Area.)
Policy 7.2: Land outside the Urban Growth Area identified as the Rural Growth Area on the Growth Strategy Map and having a high productive potential for crop growth should be conserved, to the extent possible, for appropriate agricultural use.
Policy 7.3: Agriculture and low density residential activities shall be the preferred land uses in the Rural Growth Area. Commercial development in the Rural Growth,
Area should be limited to generally accepted rural business establishments, including local convenience stores. Urban-type development is not encouraged in the Rural Growth Area.
Policy 7.4: Natural environments, including forests, surface waters, wet lands, floodplains, and stream corridors, are recognized as valuable environmental resources that serve as integral parts of the area's existing and potential open space, natural, and wildlife habitat areas and conservation is encouraged. Note: Also, see Environmental Policies 10.2.
Policy 7.5: Urban-type development should be concentrated within compact growth areas contiguous to or within the existing Primary Urban Growth Area where public service infrastructure already exists, is imminent, or can be efficiently or economically extended.
Policy 7.6: "Leap frog" development in which properties within the Primary Urban Growth Area are bypassed and new, scattered, urban-type development occurs in isolation and/or small clusters within the Secondary or Rural Growth Areas should be avoided.
Policy 7.7: Within the Secondary Urban Growth Area, urban-type development along or outside street corridors is acceptable where it is or likely to become contiguous to such development in the Primary Growth Area.
8. Parks, Recreation and Open Space:
Policy 8.1: Future park development and open space preservation shall be carefully planned by the City, County, other public/private agencies, and/or private development to provide for the rational and equitable distribution of recreation and open space opportunities within the planning area. Such planning should be in keeping with the City/County Master Plan for Parks and Recreation or revisions thereof. Land acquisition for new public recreation sites in advance of need is encouraged to obtain desirable locations and achieve cost effective operations.
Policy 8.2: In determining future sites for park, recreation and open space facilities, multiple objectives for natural area conservation, visual enhancement, promotion of cultural and historic preservation, watershed and floodprone area protection shall be considered.
Policy 8.3: Provision of open space and recreational facilities shall be encouraged
in private developments and through intergovernmental and public/private partnerships.
Policy 8.4: The identification and appropriate recreational development of a system of open space greenways within the planning area shall be encouraged. The use of natural corridors such as streams, floodplains, and secondarily man-made corridors such utility corridors and transportation rights-of-way and easements shall be emphasized. Creation of greenways, parks, open spaces, and preservation of natural areas should also be coordinated with the development of schools, major public facilities and other development.
Policy 8.5: While emphasizing programs that serve the unmet recreation needs of the greatest number of people, the City should also strive to meet the needs of specific population subgroups.
City of Wilson Growth Boundaries Map
The Growth Boundaries Map depicts the Urban Growth Area for the anticipated growth of the city and surrounding areas over the next 20 years. This area is primarily based upon existing and proposed distribution of water and sewer lines, location of other public services that exist or may be expected to exist within the area and location of anticipated urban development during this time period. Existing and expected major road improvements influence the location of growth area, as well as private development interests, such as residential and industrial developments and major commercial developments that locate around major interchanges and along major road corridors.
The Primary Urban Growth Area includes areas where water and sewer facilities are already available or panned. Urban development exists or can be anticipated in this area and further development/redevelopment is especially encouraged.
The Secondary Urban Growth Area depicts potential urban growth areas where water and sewer facilities are planned for the future and urban development is encouraged, but may not fully occur until ten to twenty years in the future.
The Growth Strategy Map also includes the Community Growth Areas as shown on the 1990 Wilson Growth Plan and the Rural Growth Area of the County that is expected to remain primarily rural in character.
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