What is a Landmark?
Local and National Register designation are two very different programs recognizing and protecting historic properties, although they are entirely independent of one another. Within each are individual properties as well as districts which encompass multiple properties. Some historic properties and districts may be recognized as both. However, local designation is entirely independent of the National Register program.
Landmark designations apply to individual buildings, structures, sites, areas or objects which are studied and judged to have historical, architectural, archaeological, or cultural value. Designation is an honor, meaning the community believes the property deserves recognition and protection. Landmarks are designated by the city council through the passage of an ordinance. Owners of landmark properties are eligible for an annual 50% property tax deferral, so long as the property’s important historic features are maintained (recapture penalties may apply if the owner destroys the property or damages its historic value).